It’s common name is Jatoba or Brazillian Cherry and its scientific name is Hymenaea Courbaril.
The Look of Jatoba
Jatoba wood has a golden luster. Its texture ranges from medium to coarse, with an interwoven grain. In its natural state, Jatoba shows very pronounced color variation when exposed to intense light.
The sapwood of Jatoba may be white, gray, or pink. The heartwood ranges from salmon to orange-brown when freshly cut. With age, it turns a rusty brown and is often marked with dark stripes.
Jatoba shows full, rich color through the entire thickness of the wood, which helps to hide wear marks.
Its Heartwood varies from a light orangish brown to a darker reddish brown and sometimes with contrasting darker grayish brown streaks. The color tends darken upon exposure to light while the Sapwood is a light grayish yellow, clearly demarcated from the heartwood.
Its grain is typically interlocked, with a medium to coarse texture. Good natural luster.
Jatoba is rated as being very durable in regards to rot resistance, and is also resistant to termites and most other insects. Though it has been reported to be susceptible to attack from marine borers.
Jatoba is considered difficult to work with on account of its density and hardness, and has a moderate blunting effect on tool cutters. Jatoba also tends to be difficult to plane without tearout due to its interlocking grain. However, Jatoba glues, stains, and finishes well, and also turns well on the lathe. Responds well to steam-bending.
Source: http://www.miragefloors.com/ENG/species-jatoba.php, http://www.wood-database.com/?s=jatoba